Friday, December 31, 2004

Graziano, Rocky, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

In his youth Graziano was a juvenile delinquent, and he later deserted from the U.S. Army after punching an officer. Though he had begun using the name Graziano, he was nevertheless found, sentenced to nine months in the federal penitentiary at Leavenworth, Kansas, and dishonourably

Sabin, Florence Rena

Sabin was educated in Denver, Colorado, and in Vermont and graduated from Smith College in Massachusetts, in 1893. After teaching in Denver and at Smith to earn tuition money, she entered

Thursday, December 30, 2004

Adams, Samuel

Politician of the American Revolution, leader of the Massachusetts �radicals,� who was a delegate to the Continental Congress (1774 - 81) and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. He was later lieutenant governor (1789 - 93) and governor (1794 - 97) of Massachusetts.

Habib, Philip Charles, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

Habib, the son of a Lebanese grocer, was raised in a Jewish section of Brooklyn. He graduated from the University of Idaho (1942) and was studying for his doctorate in agricultural

Wednesday, December 29, 2004

Aria

Solo song with instrumental accompaniment, an important element of opera but also found extensively in cantatas and oratorios. The term originated in Italy in the 16th century and first gained currency after 1602, when Giulio Caccini published Le nuove musiche (The New Music), a collection of solo songs with continuo (usually cello and harpsichord) accompaniment. Caccini

Halston, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

Halston studied at Indiana University and the Art Institute of Chicago and operated a millinery shop in Chicago before joining milliner Lilly Dach� in New York City. In 1959 he became a milliner for Bergdorf Goodman; in 1966 he expanded his line into clothes

Tuesday, December 28, 2004

Hancock, Langley George, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

Hancock began prospecting while managing his family's sheep station

Table Tennis

In 1995 the table tennis world championships returned to China in two senses: they took place in Tianjin, and all seven events were won by China, as they had been in 1981. Thus ended Sweden's domination of the men's team event (in 1989, 1991, and 1993) and the run of European triumphs in the men's singles over the same period. The world champions were: men's singles, Kong Linghui; women's singles, Deng Yaping;

Monday, December 27, 2004

Harding, John, Baron Harding Of Petherton, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

After graduating from Ilminster Grammar School (1912), Harding joined the Territorial Army as a part-time reservist. Called to the regular army at the beginning of World War I, he commanded a machine-gun battalion

Zaanstad

Gemeente (commune), Noord-Holland provincie, western Netherlands. It lies along the Zaan River near its junction with the North Sea Canal. An industrial area 6 miles (10 km) northwest of Amsterdam, Zaanstad was created in 1974 at the merger of the former gemeenten (communes) of Zaandam, Koog aan de Zaan, Zaandijk, Wormerveer, Krommenie, Assendelft, and Westzaan. Zaandam was an important

Sunday, December 26, 2004

Kahane, Meir

The grandson and son of rabbis, Kahane joined a paramilitary, right-wing youth movement in 1946. He earned a B.A. from Brooklyn College (1954), an L.L.B. from New York Law School (1956), and an M.A. in international affairs from New York University (1957) and was ordained an

Henreid, Paul, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

Henreid, the son of an aristocratic Viennese banker, trained for the theatre in Vienna and made his stage debut under director

Saturday, December 25, 2004

Holbein Rug, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

A different series, probably made in another area, have fields subdivided into rectangular panels, each

Art And Architecture, Mesopotamian, Architecture

The beginnings of monumental architecture in Mesopotamia are usually considered to have been contemporary with the founding of the Sumerian cities and the invention of writing, in about 3100 BC. Conscious attempts at architectural design during this so-called Protoliterate period (c. 3400 - c. 2900 BC) are recognizable in the construction of religious buildings. There is, however,

Friday, December 24, 2004

Hole, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

According to the band

Gaddi, Taddeo

His earliest authenticated work is a small triptych with the Virgin enthroned with Child and saints, signed and

Thursday, December 23, 2004

Household, Geoffrey, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

Household was educated at Clifton College in Bristol (1914 - 19) and at Magdalen College at Oxford (1919 - 22), where he won honours

Alligator

(genus Alligator), either of two longsnouted, crocodilian reptiles usually placed with the South American caimans in the family Alligatoridae. Alligators, like other crocodilians, are large, lizardlike animals with powerful tails that are used both in defense and in swimming. Their eyes, ears, and nostrils are placed on top of their long

Wednesday, December 22, 2004

Howard, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

Howard county was created in 1851, having earlier been (from 1838) a district of Anne Arundel county.

Kuan-yin

In Chinese Buddhism, the bodhisattva of infinite compassion and mercy. See Avalokitesvara.

Tuesday, December 21, 2004

Allende, Isabel

Allende worked as a journalist in Chile until she was forced to flee to Venezuela after the assassination (1973) of her uncle, Chilean president Salvador Allende Gossens. In 1981 she began writing a letter to her terminally ill grandfather

Ilbert Bill, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

in the history of India, a controversial measure proposed in 1883 that sought to allow senior Indian magistrates to preside over cases involving British subjects in India. The bill, severely weakened by compromise, was enacted by the Indian Legislative Council on Jan. 25, 1884. The bitter controversy surrounding the measure deepened antagonism between British and Indians

Monday, December 20, 2004

Ilerda, Campaign Of, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

(49 BC), the campaign leading to the victory of Julius Caesar over Pompey's forces in Spain. In the spring of 49 BC, Caesar sent six legions from Gaul into Spain under Gaius Fabius and joined them at Ilerda (L�rida) on the Sicoris (Segre) River. Five Pompeian legions, together with many Spanish auxiliaries, commanded by Lucius Afranius and Marcus Petreius, were concentrated against

Sponge

Any of the primitive multicellular aquatic animals that constitute the phylum Porifera. They number approximately 5,000 described species and inhabit all seas, where they occur attached to surfaces from the intertidal zone to depths of 8,500 metres (29,000 feet) or more. One family, the Spongillidae, is found in fresh water. Adult sponges lack a definite nervous system and do not show

Sunday, December 19, 2004

Downpatrick

Irish �D�n P�draig� town and seat, Down district (established 1973), formerly in County Down, Northern Ireland. Downpatrick is located where the River Quoil� broadens into its estuary in Strangford Lough (inlet of the sea). The town takes its name from d�n (fortress) and from its association with St. Patrick. It is the Dun-da-leth-glas (Fortress of the Two Broken Fetters) of Irish chroniclers. Formerly

Independent Fundamental Churches Of America, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

fellowship of conservative, independent Christian churches stressing biblical truth. It was organized in Cicero, Ill., U.S., in June 1930 as the successor of the American Conference of Undenominational Churches. Member churches are forbidden to affiliate with any denomination, and the fellowship, administered by annually elected trustees, cannot organize itself as

Saturday, December 18, 2004

Nord-tr�ndelag

Fylke (county), central Norway. It extends from the Norwegian Sea (west) to the Swedish border (east), with the southern boundary running in a general northwest-southeast direction south of Trondheims Fjord. The fylke has an area of 8,673 square miles (22,463 square km); the county seat is at Steinkjer (q.v.). The major road and rail links between Trondheim and northern Norway pass through

Indian Airlines, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

the domestic and regional airline of India, founded in 1953. Whereas the airline Air-India provides a broader international service, Indian Airlines serves the Indian subcontinent - India, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar (Burma), and Sri Lanka. Headquarters are in New Dehli.

Friday, December 17, 2004

F�

Also spelled �Fez�, Arabic �Fas� city, northern Morocco, on the Wadi F�s just above its influx into the Sebou River. The oldest of Morocco's four imperial cities, it was founded on the banks of the Wadi F�s by Idris I (east bank, about 789) and Idris II (west bank, about 809). The two parts were united by the Almoravids in the 11th century to become a major Islamic city. F�s reached its zenith as a centre of learning and commerce

Indian Evidence Act, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

act passed by the British Parliament in 1872 that set forth the rules of evidence admissible in Indian courts and that had far-reaching consequences for the traditional systems of caste government in India. Since ancient times, the way of resolving intracaste disputes had been by discussing the grievances in open meetings of the caste council. All information that

Thursday, December 16, 2004

Cheke, Sir John

Cheke also spelled �Cheek � English humanist and supporter of the Protestant Reformation who, as the poet John Milton said, �taught Cambridge and King Edward Greek� and who, with his friend Sir Thomas Smith, discovered the proper pronunciation of ancient Greek. Through his teaching he made the University of Cambridge the centre of the �new learning� and the Reformed religion.

Indiana, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

Indiana

Wednesday, December 15, 2004

Intercostalis Muscle, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

in human physiology, any of a series of short muscles that extend between the ribs and serve to draw them together during inspiration and forced expiration or expulsive actions. A set of external and internal intercostalis muscles is found between each vertical pair of ribs on each side of the chest.

Tuesday, December 14, 2004

Shadows, The

London-based instrumental rock group whose distinctive sound exerted a strong influence on young British musicians in the 1960s. The original members were Hank B. Marvin (original name Brian Robson Rankin; b. Oct. 28, 1941, Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, Eng.), Bruce Welch (original name Bruce Cripps; b. Nov. 2, 1941, Bognor Regis, Sussex), Jet Harris (byname of Terence Harris; b.

Interference Fringe, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

a bright or dark band caused by beams of light that are in phase or out of phase with one another. Light waves and similar wave propagation, when superimposed, will add their crests if they meet in the same phase (the waves are both increasing or both decreasing); or the troughs will cancel the crests if they are out of phase; these phenomena are called constructive and destructive

Monday, December 13, 2004

Italian Labour Union, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

Italian �Unione Italiana Del Lavoro (UIL)� Italian trade union federation with more than a million and a half members. The UIL was formed in 1950 in opposition to the communist-dominated Italian General Confederation of Labour, Italy's largest trade union federation, and the Roman Catholic-supported Italian Confederation of Syndicated Labourers. The federation is affiliated with the International Confederation

Empoli

Town, Firenze (Florence) provincia, Toscana (Tuscany) regione, north-central Italy, on the lower Arno River. During the medieval Florentine wars, Empoli was the scene of the Ghibelline congress of 1260, where Farinata degli Uberti successfully opposed the destruction of defeated Florence, an episode referred to in Dante's Inferno. The painter Iacopo Chimenti da Empoli and

Sunday, December 12, 2004

Johnson, Kelly, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

Johnson received his B.S. (1932) and M.S. (1933) degrees from the University of Michigan before beginning his career with the Lockheed Corporation in 1933. As head of the �Skunk Works,� Lockheed's secret development unit, he helped design more than 40 airplanes. Among them were the P-38 Lightning

Augury

Prophetic divining of the future by observation of natural phenomena - particularly the behaviour of birds and animals and the examination of their entrails and other parts, but also by scrutiny of man-made objects and situations. The term derives from the official Roman augurs, whose constitutional function was not to foretell the future but to discover whether

Saturday, December 11, 2004

Yerevan

The city developed as an important

Kahane, Meir, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

The grandson and son of rabbis, Kahane joined a paramilitary, right-wing youth movement in 1946. He earned a B.A. from Brooklyn College (1954), an L.L.B. from New York Law School (1956), and an M.A. in international affairs from New York University (1957) and was ordained an

Friday, December 10, 2004

Kea, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

New Zealand parrot species of the subfamily Nestorinae. See parrot.

Kuchipudi

One of six classical dance styles of India. Kuchipudi is indigenous to the state of Andhra Pradesh and differs from the other five classical styles by the inclusion of singing. Kuchipudi originated in the 17th century with the creation by Sidhyendra Yogi of the dance-drama Bhama Kalapam, a story of Satyabhama, the charming but jealous wife of the god Krishna. The dance

Thursday, December 09, 2004

Yersin, Alexandre

Yersin studied medicine at the universities of Marburg and Paris and bacteriology with �mile Roux in Paris and Robert Koch in Berlin. In 1888 he and

Kirkwood, James, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

As the son of silent film stars Lila Lee

Wednesday, December 08, 2004

Carlota

The only daughter of Leopold I, king of the Belgians, and Princess Louise of Orl�ans, Carlota married at age 17 the archduke Maximilian, brother of the emperor Francis Joseph of Austria. They lived as the Austrian regents in Milan until 1859, when Austria lost control of Lombardy. In 1864 she accompanied

Kochno, Boris, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

Kochno studied at the Imperial Lyc�e in Moscow until the 1917 Russian Revolution, when he and his mother left the country, eventually

Tuesday, December 07, 2004

Lancaster, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

county, southeastern Pennsylvania, U.S., consisting of a hilly piedmont region bounded by the Susquehanna River to the west, Conewago Creek to the northwest, and Octoraro Creek to the southeast. Impoundments of the Susquehanna River form Lakes Clarke and Aldred and Conowingo Reservoir. Susquehannock State Park is located near Muddy Run Reservoir. Other waterways

Nsukka

University town, Enugu state, southern Nigeria. It lies in the Udi Hills at an elevation of 1,300 feet (396 m). Nsukka is an agricultural-trade centre for the yams, cassava, corn (maize), taro, pigeon peas, and palm oil and kernels produced by the local Igbo (Ibo) people. Weaving is a traditional local craft. Coal deposits have been discovered east of Nsukka around Obolo, a town on the main

Monday, December 06, 2004

Langeais, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

town, west-central France, Indre-et-Loire d�partement, on the right bank of Loire River. It has a 15th-century ch�teau, notable as a fine example of pre-Renaissance architecture. The ruins of a keep first built there by Fulk III Nerra, count of Anjou, still stands in the park. The ch�teau was built for Jean Bourr�, minister of Louis XI, and Charles VIII of France and Anne of Brittany

Constance, Council Of

(1414 - 18), 16th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church. Following the election of two rival popes (Gregory XII in Rome and Benedict XIII in Avignon) in 1378 and the attempt at the Council of Pisa in 1409 to resolve the Western Schism by the election of a new pope, the church found itself with three popes instead of one. Under pressure from the Holy Roman emperor Sigismund, John

Sunday, December 05, 2004

Lawes, Lewis Edward, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

Assuming the office of warden of Sing Sing State Prison (now Ossining Correctional Facility), Ossining, N.Y., in 1920, Lawes instituted such reforms as the establishment of theatricals, film showings, and athletics;

Rabin, Yitzhak

Robert Slater, Rabin of Israel: Warrior for Peace (1996), is a biography.

Saturday, December 04, 2004

Awacs

Abbreviation �of Airborne Warning And Control System, � a mobile, long-range radar surveillance and control centre for air defense. The system, as developed by the U.S. Air Force, is mounted in a specially modified Boeing 707 aircraft. Its main radar antenna is mounted on a turntable housed in a circular rotodome 9 m (30 feet) in diameter, elliptical in cross-section, and 1.8 m deep at its centre. The radar system can detect, track, and identify

Le Poulain, Jean, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

Le Poulain spent his childhood in Indochina, where his father was a colonial administrator, and returned to France at the age of 19. He studied in small conservatories before being admitted to the

Friday, December 03, 2004

Leaf-rolling Grasshopper, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

also called �Wingless Cricket� (family Gryllacrididae), any of a group of orthopteran insects that are wingless or nearly wingless and have long cerci and antennae. The California leaf roller (Camptonotus carolinensis), about 15 mm (0.5 inch) long, is active at night, as are other members of this family. The leaf-rolling grasshopper spends the day in a leaf that it rolls and ties with silk; at night the insect

Vulture

Any of numerous large, carrion-eating birds of the order Falconiformes. Although often similar in appearance, the vultures of the New and Old World form separate taxonomic groups, the former comprising a distinct family (Cathartidae), the latter a subfamily (Aegypiinae) of the hawk and eagle family Accipitridae (order Falconiformes). The 20 species

Thursday, December 02, 2004

Mental Disorder, Minor affective disorders

Dysthmic disorder, or depressive

Lockwood, Margaret (mary), The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

Lockwood studied at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, England's leading drama school, and made her film debut in Lorna Doone (1935). A vivacious brunette with a beauty spot on her left cheek, she starred in a wide

Wednesday, December 01, 2004

Vancouver Aquarium

Aquarium located in Stanley Park, Vancouver, B.C., Can., that has the largest collection of fishes and marine invertebrates in Canada. The collection includes nearly 3,000 specimens of about 300 fish species and more than 3,500 representatives of approximately 150 different kinds of invertebrates. The aquarium's specialty is marine fish species native to the eastern part of the North

Macbeth, George Mann, The rise of the major sects: Vaishnavism, Saivism, and Saktism

MacBeth published his first collection of poetry, A Form of Words (1954), before he graduated from New